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Articles Reference-&-Education Language >> View Article

By: admin
There are three basic groups of Spanish verbs, in this article we will look at the regular AR, ER and IR verbs of the present tense.

A verb is a word that means everything from an action to an opinion, so laugh, go, like, hate, love, drink, fall, smile, hear, write turn, are all examples of verbs. In English the verb is not changed by who is doing the action.

As an example: In these phrases, "I like cheese," "we like cheese" and "you like cheese," the verb "like" stays the same. In Spanish the form of the verb is changed by who is doing the doing. It might sound odd now but it will make sense later!

So let's look at the three main verb types in Spanish. They are the verbs that end in the letters ar, er and ir. They can then be subdivided into regular and irregular. As we are just starting we will stick to the regular verbs.

VERBS THAT END IN "AR"

In the Spanish language the group of verbs that end in ar are the most common, so they are a good place to start.

If we use the Spanish verb TOMAR, it means a few different things, but in our case it means to drink. To say "I drink wine" in Spanish we would remove the a and r , then to add an o. to give us "tomo vino." You could add yo (the Spanish word for I) at the start of the sentence but it would be unnecessary.

To say "you drink wine" to a single person, again remove the a and r, and add as, to give "tomar vino."

If we wanted to say that he or she drinks wine, then we remove the ar and add just an a, to give us "toma vino." This version of tomar would also be used in a formal situation, or if talking to someone for the first time.

When learning our basic Spanish verbs and wanting to say "we drink wine" we add amos to give us "tomamos vino."

If we wanted to refer to a group, "They drink wine" would require the addition of an, so "toman vino" would be the correct phrase.

VERBS ENDING IN "ER"

One of the words meaning to repair in Spanish is rehacer, if we want to say "I repair cars" in Spanish, we drop the e and r from the end of rehacer and add an o, to give "rehaco los coches" (los coches, is literally the cars). There is no need for the Spanish word for I (Yo) at the beginning of the sentence because by adding the er, we have changed the verb to referrer it to me.

If we wanted to say "you repair cars" to one person, we would remove the er and add es. giving us "rehaces los coches," there is no need to use tú (the Spanish for you) as the change to rehacer has already specified the subject of the sentence.

When we are learning basic Spanish verbs and wanting to say that he or she repairs cars, we can use "rehace los coches," just add an e to the shortened rehacer. This is also the proper way to use the verb when talking to someone you've never met before or in a formal situation.

"We repair cars" can be said by the addition of emos to give us "rehacemos los coches."

Still with us on this one? Well if we wanted to say "they repair cars," we would drop the er and add en, to form "rehacen los coches."

Lastly, if we are talking to a group when saying "you repair cars" we would remove the er and add èis, as so "rehacèis los coches."

IR VERBS

Regular verbs ending in ir behave in the same way as regular er verbs in every case apart from one which we will get to, but let us look at the similarities first. The similarities are; for I (yo) drop the ir and add e, for you (tú) drop ir and add es, for he/she/formal version of you (èl, ella, usted) drop the ir and add e, and you when addressing more than person drop the ir for en.

The exception to the rule that ir verbs are the same as er verbs can be seen if we use WE. I we use "we climb mountains" as an example, the Spanish for climb is subir, "we climb mountains" can be "subimos las sierras," so here we have dropped the ir and replaced it with imos.

So that's how we learn basic Spanish verbs, I hope its been helpful, and also hope that this will be the start of of a larger appreciation of the Spanish language.
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